There is a strong reciprocal relationship between health and education: healthy children achieve better educational outcomes which, in turn, are associated with improved health outcomes later in life.
This relationship underpins the WHO’s Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework, which takes a holistic, settings-based approach to promoting health in schools. HPS interventions require action in the following three areas: curriculum, ethos/environment, and links with families/communities. The effectiveness of this approach has not yet been rigorously tested.
Systematic review and meta-analysis of cluster RCTs employing the HPS approach.
- Langford R, Bonell C, Jones H, Pouliou T, Murphy S, Waters E, Komro K, Gibbs L, Magnus D and Campbell R. The WHO Health Promoting School framework for improving the health and well-being of students and their academic achievement. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD008958. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD008958.pub2.
- Langford B, 2014. A whole-school approach to promoting health in schools: Evidence that it can work. [Blog] DECIPHer Blog. Available at: http://blog.decipher.uk.net/1/post/2014/04/a-whole-school-approach-to-promoting-health-in-schools-but-does-it-work.html.
- Bonell C, 2014. The Cochrane Review of the WHO’s Health Promoting Schools Framework. [Blog] UCL Partners Blog. Available at: http://www.uclpartners.com/blog/the-Cochrane-Review-of-the-WHOs-Health-Promoting-Schools-Framework/