Cluster randomised controlled trial.
Randomised controlled trial conducted with 58 schools located in nine different regions in Wales.
Key outcomes measured, including: diet, breakfast eating habits, cognitive function, classroom behaviour and school attendance.
Data collected at baseline, four months and 12 months in all intervention and control schools.
Effect of breakfast provision on children’s concentration, memory, behaviour, attitudes towards eating breakfast and dietary intake studied.
Evaluation of roll-out of the Primary School Free Breakfast Scheme as it moves from Community First areas to other areas throughout Wales.
53 further schools recruited. Same research design, extending the sample size and allowing wider comparative analyses of the relative effects of the intervention in children from differing social backgrounds.
Approximately 4500 children completed measures of memory and concentration, as well as questionnaires on attitudes towards eating breakfast and dietary intake. Information also collected relating to smaller sub-samples, with details provided by teachers, parents and children on factors such as classroom behaviour and morning routines, as well as more in-depth information on dietary intake.